Commissioner Robert Street  

The International Doctrine Council Chairman, Commissioner Robert Street, was commissioned an officer in 1969 and served in corps, editorial and divisional leadership in the UK, before becoming principal of William Booth College, London. He then undertook international service in Australia, subsequently being given oversight of Salvation Army work in the South Pacific and East Asia, and later in Europe. His chairmanship of the International Spiritual Life Commission led to his authoring a number of books; firstly Called to be God’s People, followed by Servant Leadership, Holiness Unwrapped and Love – Right at the Heart. He was vice-chairman from 2007 for six years.

Colonel Richard Munn  

Vice-Chair Colonel Richard Munn was born in London, spent his childhood in the Congo and was commissioned as an officer in the USA Eastern Territory. He serves as Chief Secretary for the Australia Eastern Territory.  Richard received a Doctor of Ministry Degree from Gordon Conwell Theological Seminary in 2004. His thesis assesses the egalitarian leadership model of The Salvation Army. Throughout various appointments Richard has regularly written for The War Cry, The Officer, Word and Deed and The Journal of Aggressive Christianity. He and Janet have two young adult children, Nealson and Lt. Olivia.

  Secretary of the IDC Lieut-Colonel Dr Karen Shakespeare was a bank clerk and a teacher before officer training. She has served as a corps officer, at William Booth College, London, at IHQ, and as Principal of the SALT College of Africa. She is currently Assistant Secretary for Personnel (Development) in the United Kingdom with the Republic of Ireland Territory.  Karen has been a member of the IDC since 2003 (Secretary since 2009). Karen’s commitment to officer development has been enriched and sharpened by practical experience and academic study; she believes that who we are, what we know and believe, and what we do blend together to form us and bring growth.

Lieut-Colonel Gabriel Adepoju was born in 1961, and was called by God to officership in 1984. Commissioned as a Proclaimer of the Gospel Session, Gabriel served as a corps officer before marrying Comfort where they were appointed as Sectional Officers. Following appointments at the Training College, where he held the position of Training Principal, he took up his current appointment as Secretary for Programme in April 2014. He has a BA(Ed) Christian Religious Studies 1st Degree, a MSc. Sociology (Crime and Family) 1st Master and a MA, Christian Studies 2nd Master Degree. Gabriel and Comfort are blessed with four sons and one daughter. His motto is “I have a Vision; My Vision is in the mission of The Salvation Army.”

  Lieut-Col Ian Barr first came into contact with the Army when he was fostered as a baby by a Salvationist family in Saltcoats, Scotland. Commissioned as an officer to Nottingham in 1973 he married Christine the following year. Their joint service included 15 years in corps appointments, and 13 years on the staff of William Booth College. Following 6 years in divisional leadership, Ian was appointed Secretary for Programme in the UK and Ireland in 2007. He retired from active service in December 2013. Ian is an alumnus of Kings College London with degrees in theology and education. He has been a guest lecturer at the International College for Officers since 1987.
Danièle Cesar  

Major Danièle César was born in Paris in 1958 and grew up in Belgium with her officer parents. She became soldier before starting a three-year post as a social worker. In 1979, Danièle married Jean-Emmanuel who was converted in the 1978 International Congress in London. She was charge of three Salvation Army corps in London before entering the training college in 1981. For 30 years, Danièle was a happy corps officer in France (Calais, Lille, St Etienne, Valence and Lyon). Since July 2012 has been Territorial Secretary for Women’s Ministries and for Spiritual Life Development. Danièle and Jean-Emmanuel have three independent kids aged 27, 25 and 21.

  Commissioner William Cochrane has served in various roles at UK Territorial Headquarters including Community Services Secretary, External Relations Officer and in the cabinet as Secretary for Communications. In this latter role he was able to use skills and experience acquired in his previous career in national and local politics and government. He was appointed Chief Secretary in the UK in 2006 and International Secretary to the Chief of the Staff in 2009. In this role he heads the Administration Department at IHQ which is responsible for all matters with which the Chief of the Staff deals, including International Personnel. He is also Secretary for International Ecumenical Relations and a member of the International Moral and Social Issues Council.
  Colonel Johnny Kleman was born in Borås, Sweden and married Eva after his commissioning 1982. They served together in corps and DHQ appointments before 1997 when he was appointed to teach at the School for Officer Training in Sweden, later becoming the Principal. In 2007 was he appointed as Secretary for Programme in the Finland & Estonia Territory. Later, after serving as Chief Secretary in Sweden & Latvia Territory for three years, he was appointed back as Territorial Commander for Finland & Estonia Territory on 1 February 2013. His academic background is in Theology, Philosophy and Education. He is the co-author of a book, A Sacramental Army.

Born in Korea, Lieut-Colonel Hwang, Sunyup studied theology and was trained and commissioned in Melbourne Australia. He has served in Korea, USA Southern and UK. He has planted three new corps as a pioneer officer, and has been appointed to various positions at THQ as an executive officer. In 1998, he was appointed a member of International Commission on Officership by the General. He was the coordinator of the 2008 Centenary Congress in Korea, which was attended by more than 70,000 members of the public. He has also served as the training principal and secretary for programme. Sunyup now serves as the director of the territorial strategy 'Vision 2028 Hope Project'.

Jim Read   James E. Read (PhD, UCLA, 1988) has been part of the International Doctrine Council since 2012. He is also Senior Policy Analyst for the International Social Justice Commission, Executive Director of The Salvation Army Ethics Centre in Winnipeg, Canada, and Associate Professor of Philosophy and Ethics at Booth University College. Since 2007 he has been Vice Chair of the International Moral and Social Issues. Dr Read teaches and consults widely in Christian ethics and has written extensively for Salvation Army publications. Jim and his wife Laurie are lifelong Salvationists. He has been as soldier at Heritage Park temple in Winnipeg, Canada for over 30 years.
Major Wendy Swan   Major Amy Reardon is a USA Western territory officer currently serving at USA National Headquarters in Virginia. She is the editor of Young Salvationist  magazine and assistant national editor-in-chief. She was raised in California, where she earned a BA in Music from UCLA and subsquently taught school. After becoming a Salvation Army officer she earned an MA in Theology with emphasis in Biblical Studies from Fuller Seminary. She has been a regular columnist in several Salvationist publications including The Officer. Amy is married to Rob and has four sons and one daughter, the youngest two having recently been adopted from the West Indies.

Major Elsa Aquino Oalang is the Literature Secretary and War Cry Editor of the Philippines Territory. She graduated with Honours and a Theological Education Award from the Asian Theological Seminary. She is married to Major David Oalang, Assistant to the Chief Secretary. Elsa has also served on the staff of the training college in The Philippines, where she was field training officer for four years and associate principal for four-and-a-half years. She has also served as a corps officer, divisional youth secretary, divisional director of women's ministries and as officer for territorial programme administration.

Maruilson Souza   Major Maruilson Souza has served as corps officer; Youth Divisional Secretary; Manager for Social Work; Territorial Finance Secretary; Divisional Commander and currently he's serving as the Training Principal of the College and Education Territorial Secretary in Brazil. He has a PhD (Theological Education) and a Masters Degree (Science of Religion), Masters Degree in Systematic Theology, MBA, Bachelor's Degree in Theology, Bachelor's Degree in Accounting. He has written several books, including Catherine: My Life (2009); Theological Education in Perspective (2008); Partners in Mission: An Introduction to Salvationist Missiology (2003); Salvationist Theology in Action (1999); Poems to Pray and Meditate (1982); Hey! Come Follow Me
Major Wendy Swan   Lieut-Colonel Wendy Swan is Canadian by birth and global citizen by choice, Wendy’s service in Canada, Central Africa and Southeast Asia reflect her commitment to the global body of Christ. Commissioned as a ‘Herald of Hope’ (1983), Wendy has a passion for the Word and its transforming power.  Present appointments include Command President of Women’s Ministries and Training Principal of the Hong Kong and Macau Command. Wendy is a PhD candidate in systematic theology at King’s College, London with her thesis work articulating the theological underpinnings of The Salvation Army’s practice of social justice. She is a firm believer that the greatest gift Salvationists can give to the world is their own lived personal holiness. Baking, music and gardening are amongst her hobbies. 

Major Geoff Webb spent his childhood in Singapore/Malaysia, and was commissioned as an officer in Australia Southern. Married to Kalie, he serves as a Divisional Commander. Prior service has been in corps, training work, social programmes, and as Training Principal (Pakistan and Australia Southern). Geoff holds degrees in education, divinity, and a research doctorate in theology. He is the author of Mark at the threshold (2008); co-author of Authentic holiness for ordinary Christians (2007) and Holiness Incorporated (2009); editor of Mission Mandates (2011); and contributor to In Her Own Words (2010), and I’ll Stand for Christ (2012). 


Songster Leader K.Zohmingthanga has been leading the India Eastern Territorial Songsters from its inception till date. After earning a secular Bachelor’s degree, he completed his Bachelor of Divinity (B.D) from Bishop College, Calcutta. He then pursued his Master’s Degree in Theology (M.Th) in Communication from Tamil Nadu Theological Seminary in Mudarai.  He has contributed to the social service work of the Army in the Territory in various capacities. He is a faculty member at the Officers’ Training College. He teaches theology and biblical studies to the cadets there. He lives with his wife Caroline and three children in Aizawl, Mizoram.



The IDC has enjoyed the support of corresponding members in recent years. Since 1 January 2014, the council has adopted a system of using consultants as required for specific subjects.